Types of Orthopedic Surgeries: A Comprehensive Guide

Orthopedic surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures aimed at treating conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. At Dearborn & Associates Institute for Joint Restoration, under the expertise of Dr. John Dearborn, we specialize in various orthopedic surgeries to restore mobility and alleviate pain. Our state-of-the-art facilities in Fremont and Menlo Park, California, are equipped to provide these advanced surgical treatments. This guide offers an in-depth look at the types of orthopedic surgeries we perform.

1. Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint replacement surgery involves replacing a damaged joint with an artificial one. The most common joint replacements are hip and knee replacements, but shoulder and elbow replacements are also performed.


  • Total Knee Replacement: Replaces all parts of the knee joint.
  • Total Hip Replacement: Involves replacing the hip joint’s ball and socket.
  • Shoulder Replacement: Can be partial or total, depending on the extent of damage.


  • Alleviates pain and improves joint function.
  • Enhances quality of life and mobility.

2. Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat joint problems. It involves inserting a small camera, called an arthroscope, into the joint.

Common Uses:

  • Repairing torn cartilage or ligaments.
  • Removing inflamed synovial tissue.
  • Treating joint infections or inflammation.


  • Smaller incisions, leading to quicker recovery.
  • Less pain and lower risk of infection compared to open surgery.

3. Spinal Surgery

Spinal surgeries address various conditions affecting the spine, from herniated discs to spinal stenosis and scoliosis.


  • Laminectomy: Removing part of a vertebra to relieve pressure on spinal nerves.
  • Spinal Fusion: Joining two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine.
  • Discectomy: Removing a herniated disc that is pressing on a nerve.


  • Relieves chronic back pain and improves spinal stability.
  • Helps in restoring normal spine function.

4. Fracture Repair Surgery

This type of surgery is performed to repair broken bones, using metal rods, screws, or plates to hold the bone fragments together.


  • Repairing complex fractures.
  • Realigning displaced bone fragments.
  • Stabilizing bones for proper healing.


  • Ensures correct alignment and faster healing of the fractured bone.
  • Prevents future complications and deformities.

5. Hand and Wrist Surgery

These surgeries address conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, and wrist fractures.


  • Carpal Tunnel Release: To relieve pressure on the median nerve in the wrist.
  • Trigger Finger Release: To address the locking of a finger.
  • Wrist Arthroscopy: For diagnosing and treating wrist problems.


  • Restores hand and wrist function.
  • Alleviates pain and discomfort.

6. Sports Medicine Surgery

Focused on treating and preventing sports-related injuries, these surgeries are essential for athletes and active individuals.

Common Procedures:

  • ACL reconstruction.
  • Meniscus repair.
  • Rotator cuff repair.


  • Restores full function to the injured area.
  • Enables athletes to return to their sport.

At Dearborn & Associates: Surgical Excellence

Under Dr. John Dearborn’s leadership, our team in Fremont (510-818-7200) and Menlo Park (650-325-1395) is committed to providing the highest standard of surgical care. We employ the latest techniques and technology to ensure the best outcomes for our patients.

Patient-Centric Care

We believe in a patient-centered approach, where each surgical plan is tailored to the individual needs and conditions of our patients. Education, informed consent, and post-operative care are integral parts of our treatment philosophy.

Embracing Advanced Orthopedic Solutions

The field of orthopedic surgery is constantly evolving, and at Dearborn & Associates Institute for Joint Restoration, we are at the forefront of these advancements. Our commitment to surgical excellence and patient care ensures that we provide the best possible outcomes for those under our care.


  1. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  2. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
  3. The International Journal of Advanced Joint Reconstruction


Dr. John Dearborn - Dearborn & Associates

Dr. John Dearborn is a top-performing orthopedic surgeon in the Bay Area and Northern California. Dearborn & Associates Institute for Joint Restoration’s narrow focus and high volume, yields a wealth of clinical experience in the field. Dr. Dearborn and his team have performed over 16,000 successful joint replacement procedures in the last 20+ years.