Common Orthopedic Conditions: An Overview

In orthopedic medicine, various conditions affect the musculoskeletal system, impacting millions of lives. At Dearborn & Associates Institute for Joint Restoration, led by the renowned Dr. John Dearborn, we are dedicated to providing comprehensive care for these conditions in Fremont and Menlo Park, California. This article explores the common orthopedic conditions, shedding light on their symptoms, treatments, and preventative measures.

1. Osteoarthritis: The Wear and Tear of Joints

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, characterized by the gradual deterioration of cartilage in the joints. It can cause pain, swelling, and reduced motion in affected joints. While OA can affect any joint, it commonly impacts the knees, hips, lower back, and hands.

Treatment and Management:

  • Pain relief medications and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Physical therapy to improve joint function.
  • In severe cases, joint replacement surgery may be considered.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Autoimmune Battle

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, leading to inflammation and joint damage. RA often affects joints symmetrically (for example, both knees or both hands) and can also impact other body systems.

Treatment and Management:

  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to slow disease progression.
  • Physical therapy and regular exercise.
  • Lifestyle modifications and supportive therapies.

3. Osteoporosis: The Silent Bone Thief

Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become weak and brittle, making them more prone to fractures. It is often called a silent disease because bone loss occurs without symptoms until a fracture happens.

Treatment and Management:

  • Medications to strengthen bones.
  • Calcium and vitamin D supplements.
  • Weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises.

4. Sports Injuries: The Athlete’s Nemesis

Sports injuries, such as ACL tears, tennis elbow, and rotator cuff injuries, are common in athletes and active individuals. These injuries are usually due to overuse or trauma to the musculoskeletal system.

Treatment and Management:

  • R.I.C.E. method (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) for immediate treatment.
  • Physical therapy for rehabilitation.
  • Surgical interventions in severe cases.

5. Fractures and Dislocations: Breaking Points

Fractures and dislocations are among the most acute orthopedic injuries. A fracture is a break in the bone, while a dislocation refers to a bone slipping out of a joint.

Treatment and Management:

  • Immobilization with casts or braces.
  • Pain management and anti-inflammatory medication.
  • Surgery for complex fractures or dislocations.

6. Spinal Disorders: Back to Basics

Spinal disorders, including herniated discs, sciatica, and spinal stenosis, can cause significant back pain and mobility issues.

Treatment and Management:

  • Pain management strategies and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Physical therapy and spinal rehabilitation.
  • Minimally invasive spine surgery in certain cases.

7. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: The Nerve of It

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition caused by pressure on the median nerve in the wrist, leading to pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm.

Treatment and Management:

  • Wrist splinting and ergonomic adjustments.
  • Corticosteroid injections for pain relief.
  • Surgery to relieve pressure on the median nerve.

At Dearborn & Associates: Your Health, Our Priority

Under Dr. John Dearborn’s expertise, our team at Dearborn & Associates in Fremont (510-818-7200) and Menlo Park (650-325-1395) is dedicated to diagnosing, treating, and preventing these common orthopedic conditions. We believe in a patient-centered approach, ensuring that each individual receives personalized care and treatment plans.

Empowering Through Education

Education is a powerful tool in managing orthopedic conditions. By understanding these common issues, patients can actively engage in their treatment and make informed decisions about their health.

Advancing Towards a Healthier Tomorrow

In the journey of orthopedic health, knowledge and expert care go hand in hand. At Dearborn & Associates, we are committed to providing our patients with the highest standard of orthopedic care, paving the way for improved health and mobility.


  1. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  2. Arthritis Foundation
  3. National Osteoporosis Foundation


Dr. John Dearborn - Dearborn & Associates

Dr. John Dearborn is a top-performing orthopedic surgeon in the Bay Area and Northern California. Dearborn & Associates Institute for Joint Restoration’s narrow focus and high volume, yields a wealth of clinical experience in the field. Dr. Dearborn and his team have performed over 16,000 successful joint replacement procedures in the last 20+ years.