Total (full) knee replacement refers to the resurfacing of all three compartments of the knee; the inside, the outside, and the kneecap portions of the joint. However, rather than “replacing” the entire knee, a total knee replacement refers to resurfacing the articulating surfaces of the knee joint.
A metal cap goes on the end of the thigh bone, recreating the anatomy of the end of the femur. A plastic liner makes up the other side of the articulating surface, and is fixed to a metal tray which is secured to the top of the shin bone.
Total Knee Replacement
This pamphlet describes knee replacement surgery in detail, including the potential risks and complications. It is required reading for my knee patients prior to surgery and has a section on minimally invasive knee replacement.